The National Office of Statistics and Information of the Republic of Cuba states that Artemisa province has a territorial area of 4,003.2 square kilometers, of which 1.52 belongs to keys adjacent to the south coast.
Made up of 11 municipalities, the young province is very well equipped with roads of all kinds, among which stand out those of national interest (highways), other multi-lane roads, interprovincial link roads and those that link municipal capitals with the provincial and important centers and socio-economic places.
It is supported by the fact that it is one of the two bordering provinces with the Cuban capital and, at the same time, the country's main transportation hub: Havana, from where connections to the western end of Artemisa -Pinar del Río depart.
Among those important land transportation routes, the Central Highway stands out in the first place, considered by experts as one of the most important engineering works of Cuba in all its history.
On its 92-kilometer Artemisa route to the west, it passes through six municipalities with their respective capitals: Bauta, Caimito, Guanajay, Artemisa, Candelaria and San Cristóbal. Secondary roads depart from it that link it with towns located to the north and south.
Meanwhile, the National Highway follows a similar course, first with six lanes and then with four, along 90 kilometers through the geography of the same municipalities mentioned above.
The so-called Noon highway connects San Antonio de los Baños with the capital and the Artemisa section corresponds to 10.2 kilometers. Despite its name, this road does not fully comply with the standards established for a highway, as happens to the well-known Vía Blanca between Havana and Matanzas (a relatively wide central separator and absence of level crossings are required).
Another appropriate one to top the list is the Pan-American Highway, part of the Northern Circuit of Havana-Pinar del Río (the latter covers a little more than 50 kilometers in our province). It is known like this especially in the section between Havana and Mariel, parallel to the northern coast, where it runs for 22.6 kilometers.
The presence of six Artemisa´s cities, and even the port of Mariel, in turn originates points of dispersion in terms of road networks. Among many examples, we can mention the highways linking the provincial capital (relevant western transportation point since the mid-20th century) with Cabañas, Alquízar and Güira de Melena, as well as with San Antonio de los Baños passing through Ceiba del Agua and Vereda Nueva.
Other roads can be included, such as the connecting roads between Bauta and the beach in the town of Baracoa, between San Antonio de los Baños and Güira de Melena or Alquízar ... and those that climb and descend Rosario mountains between San Cristóbal-Candelaria and the North Circuit, which are part of the so-called Central Mountain Road, with splendid views for tourists. And many more. Artemisa is a well connected province.
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