Artemisa, Cuba - For Cubans it is very clear that October 20 is the National Culture Day because Pedro (Perucho) Figueredo intoned for the first time, that day in 1868, the notes of the Bayamesa, which became two years later in National Anthem of Cuba by the Constituent Assembly.
The piece is a call to duty. It is a call to the people of Bayamo that was later extended to all Cubans and in which the author translates the obligations of worthy Cubans to the country and the responsibilities with their destiny.
The original lyrics of La Bayamesa contain three duties that are mandatory for those who love this land. The first of these duties is to go to combat. That rush to go out to fight. The understanding that the struggle is necessary to free oneself from the Spanish oppression is the idea with which the hymn begins.
A second claim is not to fear death. Martí would put it another way: "Death is not true when the work of life has been well accomplished." Perucho Figueredo does not conceive in Cubans the fear of dying because he knows that life under the yoke is meaningless and it is more worthy to fall fighting than an existence under the affront and dishonor.
En la tercera estrofa del himno original está el último reclamo del autor: No temáis al gobierno extranjero que es cobarde cual todo tirano, no resiste el empuje cubano, para siempre su imperio cayó. Además de no temer a la muerte para Figueredo es preciso que los criollos no sientan miedo ante el enemigo. Que no se intimiden ante la metrópoli porque esta no resiste el empuje de quienes ya desarrollaron un sentimiento nacional y no están dispuestos a vivir en la sumisión.
In the third stanza of the original anthem is the author's last claim: Do not fear the foreign government that is cowardly like every tyrant, does not resist the Cuban push, its empire fell forever. Besides not being afraid of death for Figueredo it is necessary that the Creoles do not fear the enemy.
Do not be intimidated by the metropolis because it does not resist the push of those who have already developed a national feeling and are not willing to live in submission.
Translated by Lorenzo Raúl Alonso López
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